The remuneration scheme for senior executives below the Executive Board (management levels 2 and 3) and for key function holders in Germany belonging as a matter of principle to the ranks of senior executives consists of a fixed annual salary and a system of variable remuneration. This is comprised of a short-term variable remuneration component, the annual cash bonus, and a long-term share-based remuneration component, the Share Award Plan. This variable remuneration has been uniformly applied worldwide since 1 January 2012 to all Group senior executives (i. e. Managing Directors, Directors and General Managers). As part of the reorientation of the remuneration system for senior executives the Share Award Plan of the Executive Board was consciously extended to include management levels 2 and 3. Given that at the same time the stock appreciation rights plan for senior executives was cancelled with effect from the 2012 allocation year, this means that a uniform share-based remuneration component has been maintained for the Executive Board and senior executives alike.
Members of staff on the levels of Chief Manager, Senior Manager and Manager are also able to participate in a variable remuneration system through the Group Performance Bonus (GPB). The Group Performance Bonus (GPB) is a remuneration model launched in 2004 that is linked to the success of the company. This tool is geared to the minimum return on equity of 750 basis points above the risk-free interest rate and the return on equity actually generated. For those participating in the GPB 14.15 monthly salary payments are guaranteed; a maximum of 16.7 salary payments is attainable.
The group of participants and the total number of eligible participants in the variable remuneration system of Hannover Re are set out in the following table.
|Group of participants and total number of eligible participants in variable remuneration systems|
|Valid: 31 December 2018|
|Participants||Variable remuneration system||Number of eligible participants in the variable remuneration system|
|Managing Director||Management level 2||Cash bonus and Share Award Plan||Hannover Re Group|
All 157 Group senior executives worldwide receive a cash bonus upon corresponding goal attainment and participate in the Share Award Plan.
|Director||Management level 3|
|Chief Manager||Group Performance Bonus (GPB)||Head office Hannover|
796 staff (excl. seconded employees) out of the altogether 1,426 at Hannover head office (incl. 90 senior executives) are GPB-eligible.
The measurement of the variable remuneration is based on three elements: Group Net income, targets in the Property & Casualty and Life & Health business groups and individual targets. The weighting of the elements is dependent upon whether responsibility is carried in a treaty / regional department or in a service department. In the treaty / regional departments the measurement of the variable remuneration is based on weightings of 20% for Group Net income, 40% for goal attainment in the respective Property & Casualty or Life & Health business group and 40% for individual goal attainment. In service departments the variable remuneration is based on Group net income and individual targets with a corresponding weighting of 40% and 60%. The degree of goal attainment is defined for both the Group net income and the business groups. Individual targets and the degree of goal attainment are agreed between the senior executive and their supervisor.
The Group net income is measured by the three-year average return on equity (RoE) of the Hannover Re Group above the risk-free interest rate. Goal attainment is calculated as follows: for each individual financial year of the last three financial years it is calculated by how many percentage points the RoE of the Hannover Re Group exceeds the risk-free interest rate. The average of these three differences determines the three-year average RoE above the risk-free interest rate. The risk-free interest rate is the average market interest rate over the past five years for 10-year German government bonds.
If the three-year average RoE above the risk-free interest rate reaches the expected minimum return on equity of 750 basis points, goal attainment stands at 85%. Goal attainment of 100% is recorded at 882 basis points. The maximum possible goal attainment is 200%. A lower limit is placed on goal attainment of -50% (penalty) for management level 2 (Managing Director) and 0% for management level 3 (Director and General Manager).
The measurement of the business group targets – which in the case of the treaty / regional departments accounts for 40% of overall goal attainment – is geared to the economic value created. The Excess Return on Capital Allocated (xRoCA) of the business group encompassing the respective area of responsibility, namely Property & Casualty reinsurance or Life & Health reinsurance, is therefore taken as a one-year measurement basis. The xRoCA describes the IVC in relation to the allocated capital and shows the relative excess return generated above and beyond the weighted cost of capital. Goal attainment of 100% exists if the xRoCA in Property & Casualty reinsurance reaches 2% and the xRoCA in Life & Health reinsurance reaches 2%. Negative performance contributions are excluded; the minimum goal attainment is 0%. The maximum possible goal attainment is 150%.
Individual targets are agreed and measured for a period of one year. The degree of goal attainment is between 0% and 100%.
The overall degree of goal attainment determines the amount of variable remuneration including share awards. On management level 2 (Managing Director) 60% of the variable remuneration is paid out annually in cash and 40% is granted in the form of share awards. On management level 3 (Director and General Manager) the variable remuneration is split into 65% cash payment and 35% granted as share awards.
On management level 3 (Director and General Manager) the minimum variable remuneration amounts to EUR 0 on the premise that the degree of attainment for all goals is 0%. For management level 2 (Managing Director) in treaty / regional departments the minimum limit for the variable remuneration is set at -10% if the degree of goal attainment for Group net income is -50% while at the same time goal attainment of 0% is determined for the divisional targets and individual targets. For management level 2 (Managing Director) in service departments -20% of the variable remuneration is possible as the lower limit, if the degree of goal attainment for Group net income is -50% and at the same time goal attainment of 0% is determined for the individual targets.
In view of the fact that outperformance of up to 200% is possible for Group net income and up to 150% for business group targets, a maximum total degree of goal attainment of 140% can be attained in both treaty / regional departments and service departments. Given outperformance of all targets, a maximum of 140% of the variable remuneration can therefore be attained on management levels 2 and 3.
The total number of share awards allocated is determined according to the value per share of Hannover Re. This value is arrived at from the average of the closing prices of the shares in a period extending from 20 trading days before to 10 trading days after the meeting of the Supervisory Board at which the consolidated financial statement is approved. The number of share awards is established by dividing the specified portion of the total bonus (40% or 35%) by the value per share, rounded up to the next full share.
Following expiry of a vesting period of four years the value of one Hannover Re share calculated at the disbursement date is paid out for each share award. The value of the Hannover Re share is again determined from the average of the closing prices of the shares in a period from 20 trading days before to 10 trading days after the meeting of the Supervisory Board that approves the consolidated financial statement. In addition, a sum in the amount of the dividend is paid out for each share award, insofar as dividends were distributed to shareholders. The level of the dividend payment is the sum total of all dividends per share paid out during the period of the share awards multiplied by the number of share awards.
In the case of the allocation and payment of share awards to participants in the Share Award Plan who are located abroad, the rate of exchange used to convert the average share price is the average of the relevant exchange rate in a period from 20 trading days before to 10 trading days after the meeting of the Supervisory Board that approves the consolidated financial statement. For payment of the dividend to participants in the Share Award Plan who are located abroad, the rate of exchange used to convert the dividend per share is the average of the relevant exchange rate in a period from 20 trading days before to 10 trading days after the Annual General Meeting that approves the dividend payment for the financial year just ended.
The cash bonus for the 2017 financial year was paid out in June 2018. The share awards for the 2017 financial year were also allocated in June 2018; they will be paid out in the spring of 2022 including dividends paid for the 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020 financial years.